Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. Areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and greasy skin are evident, and often times result in scarring once the acne has healed. Genetics is thought to be the cause in 80% of cases. Diet and cigarette smoking as contributors are unclear but it would be prudent to not ignore them.
Many treatment options are available from your pharmacist or family physician to improve the appearance of acne; along with lifestyle changes and eating fewer simple carbohydrates like sugar.
In addition, microdermabrasion and chemical peels are recommended options for alleviating acne symptoms and speeding up the healing process.